Saturday, May 16, 2020

Trauma- Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy an Effective...

Trauma- Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: An Effective treatment modality for children and Adolescents who have experienced traumatic incidents * What is TF-CBT and What is it Best Suited for: Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) was developed by psychologists J.A. Cohen and, Mannarino, Knudset and Sharon. TF-CBT has been developed for those who have experienced psychological trauma, often on a great scale of magnitude. It is important to define trauma; â€Å"There are two types of trauma — physical and mental........A response could be fear. It could be fear that a loved one will be hurt or killed. It is believed that more direct exposures to traumatic events causes greater harm. For instance, in a school†¦show more content†¦This therapy integrates cognitive and behavioral approaches; it is effective in various environments and cultural backgrounds; according to Shearing, â€Å"it can treat people from all socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds: including African-Americans, and Hispanics.† The treatment modalities focus on the acronymâ€Å"PRACTICE† cited in the Child Welfare and Information gateway portal: The first component is Psychoeducation and parenting skills, this educates (non offender) parents about child abuse and helps provide them with strategies to help prevent future occurrences, Relaxation techniques are utilized to help the child focus on the behavior the maladaptive behavior. Techniques such as focused breathing, progressive muscle relaxation and visual imagery are utilized. Affective expression regulation helps the child and parent manage their emotional reactions to reminders of abuse, and improve their ability to identify and express emotions and participate in self soothing activities. Cognitive coping and processing helps the child and parent understand the connection between ideas and feelings and â€Å"acting out†. Behaviors can be corrected by addressing inaccurate attributions related to every day events. Trauma narrative a nd processing is the next stage of the exercises. In this stage children are given exercised that are verbal, written or symbolic recounting the abusive events to help process the thoughts about theShow MoreRelatedIntervention Paper4463 Words   |  18 PagesStates several million children experience some extreme traumatic event. Some of these events include natural disasters, death of a loved one, vehicle accidents, physical and/or sexual abuse and witnessing domestic violence. Children are increasingly exposed to violence in society. Many of these children may develop some form of psychological problems that can significantly impair their emotional, academic, and social functioning. Research has noted that many of these children will become fearfulRead MoreOcd - Symptoms, Causes, Treatment131367 Words   |  526 Pages COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY FOR OCD This page intentionally left blank COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY FOR OCD DAVID A. CLARK THE GUILFORD PRESS New York London  © 2004 The Guilford Press A Division of Guilford Publications, Inc. 72 Spring Street, New York, NY 10012 www.guilford.com All rights reserved Paperback edition 2007 Except as noted, no part of this book may be reproduced, translated, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Tragic Hero of Oedipus Rex Essay - 1383 Words

The Tragic Hero of Oedipus Rex According to the ancient Greeks and Aristotle the hero is a person who possesses superior qualities of mind and body, and who proves his superiority by doing great deeds of valor, strength, or intellect. In Sophocles Oedipus Rex the main character Oedipus possesses these characteristics of a true hero, which in turn lead to his self-destruction. In the beginning of the play Oedipuss great intellect is made known by the chorus who see him as someone who has proven his wisdom, someone who has single-handedly saved Thebes in years present from the Sphinx, and someone who is adored by his people. He displays his great intellect when the priest declares: You freed us from the Sphinx; you came to†¦show more content†¦However, Oedipus would be a hero for his defeat of the Sphinx, and his inward strength, not for his skills in combat. But surely, Oedipus is a great man, not in virtue of great worldly position, but as an illusion, which will vanish like a dream. Oedipus is great because of the virtue of his inner strength, strength to pursue the truth at whatever personal cost, and strength to accept and endure it when found. This horror is mine, he cries, and none but I is strong enough to bear it(Sophocles 1414). Oedipus had a very strong inward strength, Richard Jebb talks of this inward strength when he comments on Oedi pus, The Theban king #8230; has an inward sense of an strength which can no more be broken; of a vision clearer than that of the bodily eye(325). Oedipus inner strength is also shown when he asks Creon to drive him out of the land at once, far from everyones sight, where he will never hear a human voice ever again. Oedipus accepts his mistakes and will take whatever punishment is handed to him; not once does he cry and ask, why is this happening to me? Instead Oedipus punishes himself by gouging out his own eyes. Why though does he decide to blind himself? He tells us why; he has blinded himself in order to cut himself off from all human contact, if he could take away his other senses he would. Oedipus has mutilated himself because he can face neither the living nor theShow MoreRelatedOedipus Rex : A Tragic Hero882 Words   |  4 Pagestheir fates. In the case of Oedipus Rex, fate drove him into a downfall. Oedipus Rex is a part of the great Sophoclean play, written by Sophocles. Sophocles wrote this story to exemplify a tragic hero, he uses specific character flaws to explain the downfall of his hero. Oedipus is a perfect tragic hero because his early life forces the audience to admire as a privilege young man and also pity him as he falls into a crushing downfall towards the end. Oedipus’s tragic flaws are pride, persistenceRead MoreOedipus Rex : A Tragic Hero945 Words   |  4 Pagesfates. In the case of Oedipus Rex Fate drove him into a downfall. Oedipus Rex is a part of the great Sophoclean play, written by Sophocles. Sophocles’ write this story to portray a tragic hero, using character flaws to explain his downfall. Oedipus is a perfect tragic hero because his whirlwind of a life force the audience to admire him in the beginning of the story as a privilege young man and also pity him a he falls into a crushing downfall. Sophocles intentionally gave Oedipus certain flaws becauseRead MoreOedipus Rex : The Tragic Hero735 Words   |  3 P agesa tragedy a hero must possess a tragic flaw that leads to his or her ruin. An example that backs up this argument is Sophocles’s tragedian play, Oedipus Rex, in which its protagonist was a victim of such fatal flaws that caused ruination in his life. In this case, Oedipus tragic flaws were both his anger and his pride. Furthermore, the fate that Oedipus suffered because of such flaws not only caused his downfall, but also the death of those he cherished. The tragic flaws that Oedipus possessed madeRead MoreOedipus Rex: Classic Tragic Hero921 Words   |  4 PagesIn the play Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, Oedipus is a classic tragic hero. According to Aristotles definition, Oedipus is a tragic hero because he is a king whose life falls apart when he finds out his life story. There are a number of characteristics described by Aristotle that identify a tragic hero. For example, a tragic hero must cause his own downfall; his fate is not deserved, and his punishment exceeds the cr ime; he also must be of noble stature and have greatness. Oedipus is in love with hisRead MoreThe Tragic Hero Of Sophocles Oedipus Rex972 Words   |  4 Pagesread across the world in modern-day. Oedipus Rex, a standout amongst the popular tragedies, is written by Sophocles. Within every tragedy play, one character takes the role of a grievous or tragic hero. As stated by Aristotle, certain attributes characterize a deplorable legend or a tragic hero. In Oedipus Rex, the fundamental character, Oedipus, carries imperfections as well as inevitable fate much like a tragic hero. A few of the qualities of a tragic hero consists of nobility and carrying flawsRead MoreThe Tragic Hero Of Oedipus Rex, And Willie Loman1204 Words   |  5 Pagesearliest theater critics, took it upon himself to define the dramatic tragedy. Aristotle believed that a tragedy could only be defined by a hero who is not totally just and flawless, but, at the same time, whose downfall isn’t linked to his own depravity. The reasoning behind this concept is simple to understand. Were there to be a completely virtuous hero with no flaws, no hamartia, as Aristotle describes it, there would be no sense of catharsis or enjoyment at watching horrible events afflictRead MoreAnalysis of Oedipus As an Aristotelian Tragic Hero in Sophocles Oedipus Rex1799 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿Oedipus as an Aristotelian tragic hero Although one might be inclined to express uncertainty concerning the role of Sophocles Oedipus as a tragic hero (when regarding matters from a general point of view), the character perfectly fits Aristotles definition of a tragic hero. The protagonist in Oedipus Rex is noble and can be appreciated for his greatness, considering that he embodies a series of virtuous attributes. Even with this, he is not perfect and thus makes it possible for readers toRead More tragoed Oedipus the King (Oedipus Rex) as Ideal Tragic Hero1245 Words   |  5 PagesOedipus Rex as the Ideal Tragic Hero If we give ourselves up to a full sympathy with the hero, there is no question that the Oedipus Rex fulfills the function of a tragedy, and arouses fear and pity in the highest degree. But the modern reader, coming to the classic drama not entirely for the purpose of enjoyment, will not always surrender himself to the emotional effect. He is apt to worry about Greek fatalism and the justice of the downfall of Oedipus, and, finding no satisfactory solutionRead MoreEssay on Pride and the Tragic Hero in Oedipus Rex and Othello1217 Words   |  5 PagesPride and the Tragic Hero in Oedipus Rex and Othello   Ã‚  Ã‚   Pride is one of the seven deadly sins. Most proud people will never consider themselves to be truly proud until they come face to face with the consequences of their pride. Sophocles and Shakespeare both address this dilemma in their plays Oedipus Rex and Othello. Through their nobility, their tragic flaws, the fall these flaws cause, and the suffering and wisdom they derive from these falls, Oedipus and Othello reveal the true characterRead MoreSophocles Oedipus Rex: The Epic and Tragic Hero in Myth and Culture2021 Words   |  8 PagesOutline- Background to story and structure Thesis the hero as both epic and tragic Oedipus Rex Theme and Plot The Epic and Tragic Hero in Myth and Culture How myth is ingrained, purpose Oedipus as a tragic Hero Formation of myth and commonalities with the everyman Aristotelian definition of hero Conclusions How Aristotles definition fits Oedipus Background- Within the rubric of the human experience we can find a number of commonalities that relate to psychology, culture, and the manner

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Mother Teresa free essay sample

Mother Teresa, the founder of the Missionaries of Charity, (A Roman Catholic religious congregation) was born in Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. She was an Albanian-born Indian Roman Catholic nun who was an Indian but a Roman Catholic. At the age of twelve, she felt strongly the call of God and knew she had to be a missionary to spread the love of Christ. At the age of eighteen she left her home and joined the Sisters of Loreto. After a few months training she was sent to India then she took her initial vows as a nun. She was fluent in five languages: Bengali,(the local language of the people of Kolkata)[5] Albanian, Serbo-Croatian, English, and Hindi. The Missionaries of Charity: While traveling by train to the Loreto convent in Darjeeling from Calcutta for her annual retreat Mother Teresa experienced what she later described as the call within the call. She began her missionary work with the poor in 1948, where she learned some medical basic training in the Holy Family Hospital. We will write a custom essay sample on Mother Teresa or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Mother Teresa received Vatican permission on 7 October 1950 to start the diocesan congregation that would become the Missionaries of Charity. Their mission was to help the naked, homeless, hungry, those who feel shunned by the world, those who feel unwanted. Although she had NO funds at all she depended on Divine Providence and not long after was she joined by volunteer helpers. In 2012 it consisted of over 4,500 sisters and is active in 133 countries. Mother Teresa died on September 5, 1997 but her works are still alive and she will always be remebered.

Thursday, April 16, 2020

Obesity Essays - Obesity, Body Shape, Bariatrics, Human Weight

Obesity Obesity also called CORPULENCE, or FATNESS, excessive accumulation of body fat, usually caused by the consumption of more calories than the body can use. The excess calories are then stored as fat, or adipose tissue. Overweight, if moderate, is not necessarily obesity, particularly in muscular or large-boned individuals. In general, however, a body weight 20 percent or more over the optimum tends to be associated with obesity. The body's ability to adjust food intake to body needs can be disturbed by numerous factors. Of these, hormone imbalances and glandular defects are believed to be of least importance, being demonstrable in only bout 5 percent of all obese individuals. Although obesity may be familial, suggestive of a genetic predisposition to fat accumulation, there is also evidence that early feeding patterns imposed by the obese mother upon her offspring may play a major role in a cultural, rather than genetic, transmission of obesity from one generation to the next. More generally, the distinctive way of life of a nation and the individual's behavioral and emotional reaction to it may contribute significantly to widespread obesity. Among the affluent populations, an abundant supply of readily available high-calorie foods and beverages, coupled with increasingly sedentary living habits that markedly reduce caloric needs, can easily lead to overeating. The stresses and tensions of modern liv! ing also cause some individuals to turn to foods and alcoholic drinks for "relief." Obesity may be undesirable from an aesthetic sense, especially in parts of the world where slimness is the popular preference; it is also a serious medical problem. Generally, obese persons have a shorter life expectancy; they suffer earlier, more often, and more severely from a large number of diseases than do their normal-weight counterparts. They are also more likely to die prematurely of degenerative diseases of the heart, arteries, and kidneys. More die of accidents and diabetes, and more constitute poor surgical risks than persons with normal weight. Mental health is also affected; behavioral consequences of an obese appearance, ranging from shyness and withdrawal to overly bold elf- assertion, may be rooted in neuroses and psychoses. The treatment of obesity has two main objectives: removal of the causative factors, which may be difficult if the causes are of emotional or psychological origin; and removal of surplus fat by reducing food intake. Return to normal body weight by reducing calorie intake is best done under medical supervision. Dietary fads and reducing diets that produce quick results without effort are of doubtful effectiveness in reducing body weight and keeping it down, and most are actually deleterious to health. (See dieting.) Obesity is to be distinguished from overweight caused by edema (excess retention of fluids) stemming from various diseases.

Friday, March 13, 2020

Critical Thinking Essays (762 words) - Bariatrics, Obesity

Critical Thinking Essays (762 words) - Bariatrics, Obesity Critical Thinking It is in our nature, much of our thinking is, distorted, partial, uninformed or down-right prejudice if it were left to itself (The Critical Thinking Community, 2009). We all think daily since our daily activities require us to decide on what we need to do, where to go, routes to take and what to wear. Those are the things that on a daily basis that requires minimal thinking. There are times we will encounter situations or problem that will require us to do some critical thinking. Critical thinking is that model of thinking- about any subject, content or problem- in which thinkers improve the quality of his or her thinking by skillful analyzing, assessing, and reconstructing it (Paul & Elder, 2006). To be a well- cultivated thinker, you need to raise vital questions and problems, gather and assess relevant information come to be well-reasoned conclusion and solution, think open-mindedly, and to communicate effectively with others in figuring out solutions to complex problems (Paul & Elder, 2006) I dont do a lot of critical thinking in the field that I currently work in but my personal life is a different story. A year and half ago, I struggled with my weight tremendously, trying to find ways to lose weight and nothing worked. After talking to a friend who had been put on the weight loss drug phentermine and how good it was working for her, I decided to talk to my doctor about it. I went to the doctors, not able to see my normal family physician, I saw another doctor who went over the different weight loss options such as gastric bi-pas surgery, which makes changes to your digestive system to help you lose weight by limiting how much you can eat or by reducing the absorption of nutrients, or both. (Gastric bypass surgery). The doctor went over some of the risk that included excessive bleeding, infection, adverse reactions to anesthesia, and leaks in your gastrointestinal system, gallstones, bowel obstruction, malnutrition, vomiting, and ulcers (Gastric bypass surgery), but my BMI (body mass index) was not high enough for my insurance to consider the surgery to be paid for and I did not think that I should be a candidate for that surgery because I did consider myself to be that much overweight. I mentioned to my doctor the phentermine drug, this is tablet indicated as a short-term adjunct in a regimen of weight reduction based on exercise, behavioral modification and calorie restriction in the management of exogenous obesity for patients with an initial body mass of 30 to 27 (Phentermine) and how I want like to try it, but the doctor said why wouldnt you just gain a few more pounds to increase your BMI so that you could have the gastric bi-pas surgery? The doctor proceeded to give me the some of the side effects of the drug including, chest pain, dizziness, fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse, dry mouth, sleeplessness, and difficulty having bowel movements (Phentermine Side Effects). After he said that I opted to wait and talk to my normal family physician and take into consideration both options that I was given either to gain more weight to have the surgery that I personally did not think I needed and taking a big risk of something going wrong or to just take a pill a day that would give me the energy and give me a bit more control over my appetite. I decided to just start on the phentermine and see what happens with that first, before even thinking about any drastic surgeries. I went back to see my normal family physician and after having the necessary blood work done, he gave me the prescription and two months later I was down 25 pounds. I got the results that I was looking for and without having to go under the knife. Using critical thinking allowed me to research all the information I needed and gave me all the options available before making my decision. It allowed me to take many things into consideration and to make a decision that was best. When making important decisions, such as the one I had made, its better to review

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

AB Volvo within the last three years (2014, 2013, and 2012) Research Paper

AB Volvo within the last three years (2014, 2013, and 2012) - Research Paper Example †¢ In order to evaluate the potential of investing in a business, the first step is to evaluate the profitability of the business by determine how the business has performed based on its recent history. †¢ The analysis will involve digging into financial reports for AB Volvo within the last three years (2014, 2013, and 2012). The financial factors to consider in the analysis will determine the business’s current net worth, its sales and expense trends and identify the company’s strengths and weaknesses. o The company’s budgets and tax returns since 2012 o An analysis of the company’s balance sheet to determine a list of current assets, liabilities and net worth o An analysis of the current accounts receivables o Analyzing the cash flow projections o Analyzing the profit and loss statements †¢ The analysis will also consider an evaluation of ratios that are key to making investment decisions. The ratios will evaluate the performance activity, liquidity, financing, and activity within AB Volvo: †¢ Performance Activity o Book Value Per Common Share o Cash Return On Assets o Vertical Analysis o Dividend Payout Ratio o Earnings Per Share o Gross Profit Margin

Sunday, February 9, 2020

Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 35

Case Study Example First of all, the condition of the two mothers when their children became sick has to be given the first priority i.e. were they breast-feeding their children? Could they have been infected by the disease? Where they live and what type of food they eat when breast-feeding. In addition, it would be prudent to determine the age of the children, when they became sick for instance: Did they fall sick at the same age? Consequently, various environmental factors would be taken into consideration for example: The environment of the working place; where they come from; and the people they interact with at the work place. The second step would involve undertaking scientific tests on the factors identified to determine if they could cause diseases with similar symptoms. However, specific consideration would be given to the composition of the mother’s milk and if possible compared to the laboratory results of the breast milk of the co-worker: This is only possible if the laboratory results indicating the chemical component of the co-worker’s breast milk is available. Research indicates that there is a high sense of relationship between certain diseases and industries (Handley 2001). This is mostly evident when there is one family member working in an industry or when there is an industry next to a residential place. In this regard, there would be a case for the woman in the court (Handley 2001). However, such allegations would require proper proof/ medical evidence for the woman to win. On the other hand, there are various occupational health and safety laws that are applied in industries to not only protect the lives of the workers and the environment, but also their family members (Hartnett 2008). The woman win the case in the event that the court finds out that such rules are not properly followed by the company as